Meera Mukherjee

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Meera Mukherjee (1923 – 1998) was born in Calcutta, in pre-partition India. Her practice drew inspiration from the ordinary lives that surrounded her, including those of fishermen, weavers, and darners, all of whom were not only subjects for her work but also at times collaborators. She developed her own technique of making wax sculptures after her lifelong exploration of metal-casting techniques used by artisanal communities across different parts of India to western academic methods.

Meera received her initial training in art at the Indian Society of Oriental Art, Calcutta, following which she studied painting, graphics and sculpture at the Delhi Polytechnic (currently the Delhi Technology University). Following her first solo exhibition in 1952, she received an Indo-German Fellowship in 1953 at the Academy of Fine Arts, Munich, where she had the mentorship of Toni Stadler and Heinrich Kirchner. After her return to India in 1957, she took on positions as an art teacher in different schools, subsequently moving to Bastar in Chhattisgarh, India, where she learned the lost-wax casting technique under the apprenticeship of the Indigenous artists of the region. In recent years, her works have been exhibited and published widely as an artist whose work navigates the plurality of forces that shaped a world in a moment of transition.